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In ancient times Edessa was fortified at two levels. In the lower city (Logos) and the Citadel. During the Byzantine period the city declined under the settlement to run over city's current position. After the conquest by the Turks in 1389, the settlement extends outside the walls, creating new districts mostly heathen, while Christians remain in and around the ancient core in three major areas.
The WEIGHT (meaning fort) is the first Christian settlement established as a development of the Byzantine settlement that developed at the Acropolis and the ancient city. In 1944 the Germans burned the greater part of the district because of its position as a center of resistance now. In 1983 he was declared a traditional settlement and recently has been restoring the houses which now relied on the study of regeneration of WEIGHT, which took first prize among other studies of the EU
The houses that saved the Varosi dating to the 19th century and is a good example of traditional architecture makedonitikis. Most houses are popular but there are mansions. Usually two-storey buildings with open ledges covered balcony and roof. Inside they have a courtyard, and around the courtyards organized semi-outdoor spaces, the loggia. Mansions in Varosi to be mentioned is the home Giousmas where inside the house there sirotrofeio (koukoulonas) Valasi the mansion, which is inside the private chapel and the house Tsamis, where inside WC Model of house Tsamis out at the Ethnological Museum of Folk Art, Thessaloniki.
Visitors of Kaimaktsalan ski center is, the possibility to visit Varosi minimum hours journey by Palios Agios Athanasios Village.